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Insects In The Garden

Insects can be the bane of home vegetable gardening, ruining an entire season’s crop in no time. Insect identification is the key to pest management, and knowing what chemicals, if any, to utilize, and when to use them, will make the difference between success and failure. In the battle against insects, knowledge is power, but most novice gardeners have little, if any, of the former. This section of the web site will acquaint you with the various insects that are likely to invade your vegetable garden and what you can do about it. Beautiful color graphics and simple, easy to read text make this section a ‘must read’. So let’s learn about insects!

Common Vegetable Pests Of The Midwest


Vegetable Attacked

Aphid Many vegetables
Asparagus Beetle Asparagus

Aster Leafhopper (also Beet & Potato)

Beans, Beets, Carrots, Celery, Cucumbers, Lettuce, Dill, Eggplant, Lettuce, Melons, Parsley, Peppers, Potatoes, Rhubarb, Shallots, Squash, Sweet Corn and Tomatoes
Bean Leaf Beetle Beans, Corn and Peas
Cabbage Looper Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower and many other vegetables
Colorado Potato Beetle Eggplant, Pepper, Potato, Tomato
Corn Earworm (also Tomato Fruitworm) Cabbage, Corn, Lettuce, Peppers, Potatoes, Snap Beans, Squash and Tomatoes
Corn Rootworm Corn
Cucumber Beetle (Striped or Spotted) Asparagus, Beans, Beets, Corn, Cucumbers, Eggplant, Peas, Peppers, Potatoes, Pumpkins, Squash and Tomatoes


Beets, Cauliflower, Lettuce, Potatoes, Broccoli, Chinese cabbage, Lima Beans, Radishes, Brussels Sprouts, Collards, Parsley, Snap Beans, Cabbage, Cucumbers, Parsnip, Spinach, Cantaloupe, Kale, Peppers and Squash

Diamondback Moth

Cabbage, Cauliflower, Broccoli

Earwigs Beans, beet seedlings, sweet corn and corn silks, lettuce, cabbage, celery, some potatoes, strawberries. They also like to eat several types of flower blossoms.

European Corn Borer

Corn, Pepper, Bean

Fall Armyworm Corn
Flea Beetle Beets, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Corn, Eggplant, Horseradish, Kohlrabi, Peppers, Potatoes, Radishes, Rhubarb, Tomatoes and Turnips
Grasshopper Many vegetables
Imported Cabbage worm Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Kale, Kohlrabi, Radishes and Turnips
Maggots Many vegetables
Mexican Bean Beetle Garden beans, cow beans, soybeans, kidney, pinto, navy, bush and lima beans. The beetles also feed on clover, peanut, okra, eggplant, squash, alfalfa and various weeds.
Picnic Beetles Tomato, Melons
Slugs Lettuce, Cabbage, Beans and Okra are their favorite plants, but they will attack almost any plant when they are hungry
Spider Mite Many vegetables
Squash Bug Cucumber, Gourds, Melon, Squash and Pumpkins
Squash Vine Borer Cucumber, Gourds, Melon, Squash and Pumpkins
Tarnished Plant Bug Many vegetables
Thrips Onion
Tomato Hornworm Tomato, Potato, Eggplant, Pepper and Dill
Whitefly Most vegetables
White Grubs (June Bug) Carrot, Potato

Wireworms (Click Beetle)

Beans, Beets, Cabbage, Carrots, Corn, Cucumbers, Melons, Onions, Peas, Potatoes, Radishes, Rutabagas, Tomatoes, Turnips and Watermelons

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